DTES Community Play
       About the Play
       Who we are
       Shows & Events
       Wish List
       Outreach Images
       Historical Images
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Cherry Blossom Festival

Heart of the City Parade

Chinatown Celebrations

Spirit of the Arts 5K Walk

DTES Film Festival




RR  Research Process


i. Type of Research

The writers are interviewing old timers,residents,activists,artists,writers, historians; setting up story gathering sessions in public locations; distributing questionnaires to schools and gathering places; and reviewing historical documentation. They are also researching songs, music, and art forms which have impact and resonance in the community and then translating this research into a theatrical script, songs and characters. While drawing on historical elements, the play will include personal stories, hoping to touch on common threads in the lives of today’s residents as well as on events or important issues that resonate in the community’s identity.


ii. Artistic Methodology

We are looking at the model of England’s Colway Theatre Trust for guidance, the principles of which have governed several Canadian community plays, including the Enderby Community Play. In this model leadership roles are filled by professional theatre artists in order to ensure high artistic calibre, culturally sensitive interpretation and a well-organized production time, but the performing, communication and most building are done by residents of the area, who participate in whatever way they feel comfortable.


iii. Community Participation

Our Community Play project will utilize cultural development methodology throughout, involving hundreds of residents from the community working together with a small team of professional artists on every aspect of the play from determining the theme, through researching and writing; skill development for acting, music, costume and prop making, set and staging, publicity, rehearsing, building, performing and production. The twelve month process include will include 40-60 special events and public workshops to generate popular support and community participation.  Through the play development process, individuals and groups that rarely come together are involved in a common endeavor, and spectators feel  included in a moving representation of the community.


iv. Evaluation Process

The Community Play has received $4,000 in funding from the Vancouver Board of Parks and Recreation to contract the Strathcona Research Group to undertake a professional evaluation of the Community Play. This research will be carried out by Sister Victoria Marie OSF and PHD Candidate, using the logic model. The purpose of this evaluation process is to create a DTES Community Play Evaluation Document which will measure the outcomes to the original objectives. Copies will be made available to the play’s funding agencies and theatre artists to promote Artists and Community Arts funding and the development of both new models of Community Theatre in BC.


v. Outside Documentation

The Roundhouse Community Centre is providing the services of their 2003-2004 Artist in Residence, writer/theatre artist Valerie Method to write a travelogue of the process of creating the DTES Community Play. The artist fee they are supplying is $2,500 for this work. This travelogue will be an important element for the professional dissemination of the process of creating a community play in a BC/Canadian urban context for the broader theatre community.


Summary of questionnaire responses:


Among the Seymour children, their biggest concerns are for safety; getting rid of trash, garbage and graffiti; education; and more housing and homes for the homeless.  Their biggest heroes are their parents and teachers.


Here is a summary of the other questionnaires:

i)What do you like best about the DTES? The variety and cultural diversity; Chinatown, people’s friendliness and cooperation; the good food; the mountains, sea and historic buildings; the parks, community centers and local business and all the connections with service centers; the openness and honesty; growing up with values; people mobilizing on the streets to talk about what is going on with them and the world


ii)What do you like the least? People like the least: most people mention the drug scene, prostitution, poverty, garbage and trash on streets.  Some people mention lack of safety, police brutality, bad dates, disease, gentrification, homeless asking for change, condescending attitudes of volunteer staff, service agencies becoming a bartering tool for power; rich kids partying with condescending attitudes.


iii)What do you want to change about the DTES?: clean up streets and graffiti; get rid of drugs and/or cure addicts/provide more recovery places; provide more affordable housing and renovate buildings, reduce crime; provide more opportunities for those in need, and get rid of stereotypes. Some want more parks and trees; to improve way police treat DTES residents; change attitudes of volunteer staff.  One would provide drug maintenance of choice; another would give greedy people a taste of what it’s like to do without, one would encourage people to work and get off the street, one would end welfare.


iv)If you were to send 5 photos of the DTES to someone far away, what would they be?  Pigeon Park, Main and Hastings, First United, drug trade and addiction, needles, police beatings, homelessness, poverty, prostitutes, Woodward’s occupation, food lines,


Beautiful Carnegie and its volunteers, the beach and the parks, old historic buildings, Chinatown, Gastown, Oppenheimer Park during Japanese Festival, peaceful people who are drug and alcohol free, many nationalities, housing coops and schools, karate and Wushu studios, Chinese New Year’s celebration, people talking on a stoop, cat in a window, kids working on a project, tiles created by Carnegie people, variety of lifestyles and restaurants, “my house”.


Loading docks, rainy alleys, railway tracks, warehouses,  international mall (dead; ghost town), GM place and BC place, the mountains and sea.


Elders, smiling faces, fearful faces, artful faces, police faces, alienated car faces.


Some say it’s way too depressing to show.  A couple wanted to show Science World, Sky Train.  One wanted an aerial view.


iv)Who are your heroes? Some say no one.  Others mention the homeless; drug free heroes; the unsung heroes who help others and work to make the community better (streetworkers and street nurses, counsellors and drop in staff, First United and soup lines, woman who runs Place of Grace, Jim Green, Mark Townsend and Liz Evans from the Portland, constable Dave Deckson); drug free heroes; cops; bartenders who listen; “working folk like me”, Raymur mothers fighting for overpass, DETES community artists and performers and Bud Osborne; first nations people; friends, a grandmother and grandfather who pulled themselves out of poverty.  God and Andrew Carnegie (“he did a lot of good and bad things”) get mentions.


v)What are your favourite stories?  Some say none.  Some mention historical stories: Native villages, Little Italy, stories of when Vancouver was young (Gas   town, historical drug busts, underground tunnels, spies, the haunting at Strathcona school, train stories), stories of civil protests (like the stories of the Raycam Mothers in 1971 and the 1930 protests at Carnegie, the On to Ottawa trek, etc.).Some want to hear about current DTES successes: Woodward’s sit in, housing projects, Crab park. One wants to hear about their escape from the DTES in the future, another that the crime rate and drug use are decreasing; another wants to hear Bible stories.


People want to hear stories about people standing up for themselves, stories about how we can survive and get along with and look out for one another; stories about complete recovery from drugs, stories about cleaning up the community, stories that show that you care. 


Stories Collected

Stories Collected

Stories Collected


Subject User Views Replies Rating Date Last Reply
Story1 chloeu 1430 0 0 6/17/2003 @ 10:42 am Story1 by chloeu on 6/17/2003 @ 10:42 am

The Downtown Eastside Community Play

Labour History

Griffen, Harold.  Radical Roots: The Shaping of British Columbia. The Common Wealth Fund, Vancouver, BC. 1999.

Griffin, Betty & Susan Lockharte.  Their Own History: Women’s Contribution to the Labour Movement in BC. United Fisherman and Allied Worker’s Union- CAW Seniors Club, Vancouver, 2002.

Howard, Victor. We were the Salt of the Earth: The On-to-Ottawa Trek and The Regina Riot. Canadian Planes Research Centre, University of Regina, 1985.

Knight, Rolf (as told to). A Very Ordinary Life, New Star books, Vancouver, 1974.

Latham, Barbara K. and Robert J. Pazdro. editors. Not just Pin Money: Selected Essays on the History of Women’s Work in British Columbia. Camosun College, Victoria, BC, 1984.

Mark Leier.  Rebel Life: The Life and Times of Robert Gosden: Revolutionary, Mystic, Labour Spy, New Star Books, Vancouver, 1990 (includes Vancouver’s labor history)

Mark Leier.  Red Flags and Red Tape: The Making of a Labour Bureaucracy, University of Toronto Press, Toronto-Buffalo-London, 1995.

Mark Leier. Where do Fraser River Flows: The Industrial Workers of the World in British Columbia, New Star Books, Vancouver, 1990.

Marlatt, Daphne. Ana Historic. Coach House Press, Canada, 1988.

McCormak, A.Ross. Performers, Rebels and Revolutionairies: The Western Canadian Radical Movement, 1899-1919, University of Toronto Press, Toronto, Buffalo 1977.

Merkel, Rene & Don Richardson. Vancouver Stories: People in its History. Basic Education Department, King Edward Campus, Vancouver Community College, Vancouver, 1998.

Morton, Desmond. Working People: An Illustrated History of the Canadian Labour Movement. McGill-Queens University Press, Montreal, Kingston, London, Ithaca, 1998.

Perry, Adele. 100 Anniversary: Vancouver District Labour Council 1889-1989. Vancouver District Labour Council, Vancouver, 1989. 

Swankey, Ben and Jean Evans Sheils. Work and Wages: A Semi-documentary Account
Of the Life and Times of Arthur H. (Slim) Evans 1890-1944 Carpenter, Miner, Labor Leader.
Trade Union Research Bureau,Vancouver 1977.

The Working Lives Collective. Working Lives: Vancouver 1886-1986, New Star Book, Vancouver, B.C, 1985.

Timms, Philip T. and  Elizabeth O’Kiely. Vancouver: The Golden Years, 1900-1910. The Vancouver Museum Planetarium Assoc. 1971.


Alexander, Bruce K. The Roots of Addiction in Free Market Society, Canadian Center for Policy Alternatives, Vancouver, April, 2001 (an analysis of drug scene on the DTES and other places) ISBN 0-88627-279-2

Berkout, Monique & Robinson, Francesca. Madam Joy: The Story of Human Drug Use and the Politcs of its Regulation, Harper Collins Publishers Australia, 1999.

Boyd, Neil. Canadian Law: An Introduction, Nelson Thomas Learning, Third Edition, Toronto, 2002.

Courtwright, David T. Dark Paradise: A History of Opiate Addiction in America, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, London, England, 2001.

Courtwright, David T. Forces of Habit: Drugs and The Making of The Modern World, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, London, England, 2001.

Crozier, Lorna, and Lurie, Patrick.  Addicted: Notes From The Belly of the Beast, Greystone Books, Douglas and McIntyre Publishing Group, Vancouver/Toronto, 2001.

Davis, Wade.  Light at the Edge of the World: A Journey Through the Realm of Vanishing Cultures, National Geographic, Washington, D.C.

Gerdes, Loise I. (Book Editor) Legalizing Drugs, (At Issue: An Opposing View Points Series), Greenhaven Press Inc., San Diego, California.

Gray, Judge James P.  Why Our Drug Laws Have Failed and What We Can Do About it: A Judicial Indictment on The War On Drugs, Temple University Press, Philadelphia, 2001.

Green, Trevor.  Bad Date: The Lost Girls of Vancouver’s Low Track, ECW Press, Toronto, 2001.

Hodgeson, Barbara. Opium: A Portrait of the Heavenly Dream, Greystone Books, Douglas and McIntyre, Vancouver/Toronto, 1999.

Morgan, Patricia & Kelly. Love Her As She Is: Lessons from a Daughter Stolen by Addictions, Light Hearted Concepts, Calgary, Alberta, 2000.

Murphy,Emily F. “Janey Canuck”, The Blade Candle, Thomas Allan Publisher, Toronto,1922.

Schaler, Jeffrey A. Addiction is a Choice, Open Court, La Salle, Chicago, 2000.

Black Community

Compton, Wayde. Bluesprint: Black British Columbia Literature and Orature. Arsenal Pulp Press, Vancouver, 2001.

Miller, Mark. Such Melodious Racket: The Last History of Jazz in Canada, 1914-1949. The Mercury Press, 1997.


Adachi, Ken. The Enemy that Never Was: A History of the Japanese Canadians. McClelland and Stewart Ltd, Toronto, 1976.

Anderson, Kay J. Vancouver’s Chinatown: Racial Discourse in Canada, 1875-1980, McGill-Queen’s University Press, Montreal and Kingston, London, Ithaca, 1995

Chinatown: A Walking Tour Through History.

Choy, Wayson. Paper Shadows: A Chinatown Childhood, Viking, published by the Penguin Group, Toronto, 1999

Choy, Wayson. The Jade Peony, Doughlas and McIntyre, Vancouver and Toronto, 1995

Moosang, Faith. First Son: Portraits by C. D. Hoy. Presentation House Gallery, Arsenal Pulp Press, Vancouver, 2000.

Morton, James. In the Seas of Sterile Mountains: The Chinese in British Columbia. J. J. Douglas Ltd, Vancouver 1974.

Wai, Hayne Y. Vancouver Chinatown: 1960-1980, Community Perspective. New Scholars – New Visions in Canadian Studies, Canadian Studies Centre, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, Vol. 3, No. 1, Summer 1998.

Welldon, Christine. Canadian Pacific Railway: Pon Git Cheng, Grolier Limited, Toronto, 1991.

Wright, Richard Thomas. In a Strange Land: A Pictorial Record of the Chinese in Canada 1788-1923. Western Producer Prairie Books, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, 1988.

Yee, Paul. Saltwater City: An Illustrated History of the Chinese in Vancouver, Douglas and McIntyre, Vancouver, Toronto and University of Washington Press, Seattle, 1988

First Nations

Armstrong, Jeanette, C., Lee Maracle, Delphine Derickson & Gary Young-Ing.  We get Our Living Like Milk From the Land, The Okanagan Rights Committee, The Okanagan Indian Education Resource Society,1993-94.

Conner, Daniel, C.G., and Doreen Bethune-Johnson. Our Coast Salish Way of Life, The Squamish, Prentice Hall Canada Inc., Scarborough, Ont.,1986.

Coull, Cheryl. A Traveller’s Guide to Aboriginal B.C., Whitecap Books, Vancouver, Toronto, 1996

Fournier, Suzanne & Ernie Crey. Stolen From Our Embrace: The Abduction of First Nation’s Children and the Restoration of Aborginal Communities. Douglas and McIntyre, Vancouver, Toronto, 1997.

Harris, Cole. The Resettlements of British Columbia: Essays on Colonialism and Geographical Change, UBC Press, Vancouver, 1977.

Johnson-Tekahionwake, Pauline E.  Legends of Vancouver, Quary Press, 1911 (New Edition 1991).

Knight, Rolf. Indians At Work: Informal History of Native Labour in British Columbia, 1858-1930, New Star Books, Vancouver, 1996.

Little Child, George. This is My Land. Children’s Books Press, San Francisco, California, 1993.

Loyie, Larry, & Vera Manual.  Two Plays About Residential Schools, “Ora Pro Nobis (Pray For Us) and “Strength of Indian Women”, Living Traditions, Vancouver, B.C.

Maracle, Brian. Crazy Water: Native Voices on Addiction and Recovery. Penguin Books, Toronto, 1994.

Morriseau, Renae, & Richard Hersley. Whose Land is This?: Bubble T.V on The Land Question in B.C, Modern Visual Productions, Kyote Collectives.
Newton, Norman.  Fire in The Raven’s Nest: The Haida of British Columbia, New Press, Toronto, 1973.

Newell, Diane. Tangled Webs of History: Indians and the Law in Canada’s Pacific Coast Fisheries, University of Toronto Press, Toronto, Buffalo, London, 1999.

Schneider, Reisa Smiley & Gottfriedson, Garry. (Illustrators: George Littlechild, Linda Spuner, and Dawan Frimer). In Honour of Our Grandmothers, Theyns Books Ltd., Penticton ,B.C,1994.

Shared Learnings: Integrating BC Aborginal Content K-10. British Columbia Ministry of Education 1998.

Silvey, Diane. From Time In Memorial: The First Peoples of the Pacific North West Coast, Classroom Resources, Pacific Edge Publishing,1999.

Silvey, Diane. Raven’s Flight. Raincoast Books, Vancouver, 2000.

Sultles, Wayne. Coast Salish Essays, Talon Books, Vancouver, University of Washington Press, Seattle, London, 1984.

Watts, Dolly.  Native Traditional Theatre: Performing Ethnography of the Gitskan Kwaguilth and Nu-chah-nulth, Unpublished Paper, Specifically: Chronological history on prohibition of Potlatching,  Nov. 6, 1988.

Vancouver History

Ackery, Ivan. 50 Years on Theatre Row, Han Cock House Publishers Ltd., North Vancouver, B.C,1980.

Baum, Daniel J. & Penelope Mullette. Times Past: 1885, IPI Publishing Ltd., Toronto 1999.

Bennet, Guy. Guys Guide to the Flipside: the Other Vancouver, Arsenol Pulp Press, Vancouver 1992.

Bowering, George. Bowerings B.C: A Swashbuckling History, Viking, Published by the Penguin Group, Toronto, London, Victoria, Australia, Auckland, New Zealand, 1996.

Callwod, June, The Naughty Nineties:1890/1900, Canada’s Illustrated Heritage, Natural Science of Canada Ltd., Toronto, 1977.

Cherringon, John A. Vancouver at the Dawn: A Turn-of-the-Century Portrait (this is fictionalized history), Harbour Publishing, Madiera park, B.C., 1997

Davis, Chuck. (Editor in chief) The Greater Vancouver Book: an Urban Encyclopedia, Linkman Press, Surrey, B.C., 1997

Davis, Chuck & Mooney, Shirley. Vancouver: An Illustrated Chronology, produced in cooperation with the Vancouver Baord of Trade, Windsor Publications, Ontario, 1986.

Davis,Chuck. Vancouver Then and Now, Magic Light Publishing, Ottawa, 2001.

Fisher, Robin. Vancouver’s Voyage: Charting the Northwest Coast, Doughals McIntyre, Vancouver/Toronto and University of Washington Press, Seattle, 1992

Gourley, Catherine. Island in the Creek: The Granville Island Story, Harbour Publishing, Madiera park, B.C., 1988

Griffin, Kevin. Vancouver’s Many Faces: Passports to the Culture of a City, Whitecap Books, Vancouver, Toronto, 1993

Hull, Raymond. Gordon and Christine Soules, Vancouver’s Past, Gordon Soules Economic and Marketing Research, Vancouver, 1974

Hume, Stephen. Bush Telegraph: Discovering the Pacific Province, Harbour Publishing, Madiera Park, B.C, 1999.

Jagpal, Sarjeet Singh. Becoming Canadians: Pioneer Sikhs in their own Words, Harbour Publishing, Madiera Park and Vancouver, B.C., 1994.

Keller, Betty. On the Shady Side: Vancouver 1886-1914, Horsdal and Schubert, Ganges, B.C. 1986

Kloppenborg, Anne, & Alice Niwinski Even Johnson. Vancouver: A City Album, Douglas and McIntyre, Vancouver/Toronto, 1977 (photos and historical quotes)

Kluckner, Michael, Vancouver: the Way it Was, WhiteCap Books, Vancouver, 1984
Latham, Barbara and Cathy Kess, editors, In Her Own Right: Selected Essays on Women’s History in B.C, Camosun College, Victoria, B.C, 1980.

MacDonald, Bruce. Vancouver: A Visual History, Talonbooks, Vancouver, 1992

McDonald, Robert A.J. &  Jean Barman. Vancouver Past: Essays in Social History, University of British Columbia Press, Vancouver, 1986 (includes essays on housing, urbanism and class at turn of the century, crime in depression years, the Mother’s Council of the 1930’s)

McDonald, Robert A.J. Making Vancouver: Class, Status and Social Boundaries, 1863-1913, UBC Press, Vancouver, 1996

Mckellar, Keith. Neon Eulogy: Vancouver Café and Street, Ekstasis Editions, Victoria, 2001

Morgan, Roland. Vancouver Then and Now, Bodima Publications, Vancouver, 1977

Morley, Alan. Vancouver: Milltown to Metropolis, Mitchell Press, Vancouver, 1961.

Nicol, Eric. Vancouver the Romance on Canadian Cities Series, Double Day Canada Ltd., Toronto, 1970.

Portrait 2K: A Hurricane in the Basement and Other Vancouver Experiences, The City of Vancouver, 2000.

Rogers, Ned Joe. Modern Commons: Place, Nature and Revolution at the Strathcona Community Gardens, unpublished MA thesis SFU, 1990.

Roy, Patricia E. Vancouver, An Illustrated History, James Lorimer and Company, Publishers, National Museum of Man, National Museums of Canada, Toronto, 1980.

Schafer, R. Murray. (Editor) The Vancouver Soundscape, World Soundscape Project, Document #5, Sonic Research Studio, Burnaby, B.C.,

Sommers, Jeff and Nick Blomley. The Worst Block in Vancouver, unpublished Article.

Steeves, Dorothy G. The Compassionate Rebel: Ernest E. Winch and His Times, Evergreen Press, Ltd., Vancouver, 1960

Stouck, David and Myler Wilkinson. (Editors) Genius of the Place: Writing About British Columbia, Polestar Book Publishers, c/o Raincoast Books, Vancouver, 2000.

Swan, Joe. Police Beat: 24 Vancouver Murders, Cosmopolitan Publishing Companies, Canada 1991.

Urban Reader. Vancouver: Turn of the Century, July/Aug. 1974, v. 2#6

Usukawa, Saeko & the editors of the Sound Heritage Series. Sound Heritage: Voices from British Columbia, Douglas and McIntyre, Vancouver, Toronto, 1984 (includes oral history memories of Captain Cook’s meeting with Macquinna; Vancouver oral memories of Hogan’s Alley, relief camps and Bloody Sunday)

Vogel, Aynsley & Wyse, Davis. Vancouver: A History in Photographs, Altitude Publishing, Alberta 1993.

Walling, Savannah. C’era una volta in montagna .. Once Upon  a Time in the Mountains, Canadian Theatre Review: Italian Canadian Theatre, #104, Fall, 2000
(Article on community theatre directed by Richard Fowler in Nocelle, Italy)


Atkin, John. Strathcona: Vancouver’s First Neighborhood, Whitecap Books, Vancouver, Toronto, 1994.

Herron, Noel, Robert Moore & Ken Walters. Strathcona Memories 1891-1991: In Celebration of 100 Years of Serving Students and Parents, The Vancouver School Board, 1991.

Contemporary Downtown East Side

Atkin, John. (Editor) Old Vancouver Town Site Walking Tour, Gastown-Powell St. – Strathcona – Chinatown – Victory Square, Footprints Community Art Project: 2001.

Baxter Sheila. A Child is Not a Toy: Voices of Children in Poverty, New Star Books, Vancouver, 1993.

Baxter, Sheila. No Way to Live: Poor Women Speak Out, New Star Books, Vancouver, 1988.

Baxter, Shiela. Still Raising Hell: Poverty, Activism and Other True Stories, 1977.

Baxter, Sheila. Under the Viaduct: Homeless in Beautiful B.C, New Star Books, Vancouver, 1991.

Cameron, Sandy. Downtown Eastside Poems.

Cameron, Sandy. Fighting for Community: Stories from the Carnegie Center and the Downtown Eastside, The Carnegie Community Association, Vancouver, 1996

Cameron, Sandy. One Hundred Years of Struggle.

Cameron, Sandy. Taking Another Look at Class, Carnegie Community Centre Association and the Canadian Center for Policy Alternatives, B.C. 1999

Campbell, Bart. The Door is Open: Memoirs of a Soup Kitchen Volunteer, Anvil Press, Vancouver, 2001.

Canning-Drew, Jo-Ann. (Editor and Interviewer/compiler Laurel Kimbley) Hastings and Main: Stories from an Inner City Neighborhood, New Star Books, Vancouver, 1987.

Douglas, Stan. Every Building on 100 West Hastings, Contemporary Art Gallery, Arsenal Pulp Press, Vancouver, 2002.

Downtown Eastside Community Monitoring Report: Chinatown, Downtown Eastside, Gastown, Strathcona, Victory Square, City of Vancouver’s Planning Dept. 2001, 6th edition. (list of community organizations).

Knight, Rolf. Along the No. 20 Line: Reminiscences of the Vancouver Waterfront, New Star Books Ltd., Vancouver, 1980

Knight, Rolf (as told to). A Very Ordinary Life, New Star Books, Vancouver, 1974

Marlatt, Daphne and Carole Itter. Opening Doors: Vancouver’s East End, Sound Heritage, v. viii #1 and 2, Aural History Program, Ministry of Provincial Secretary and Government Services, Victoria, 1979

Martin, Ruth Elwood.  Narratives From Inside: Prison Medicine in B.C, Unpublished Article, Prison Medicine Common Curriculum Course, UBC Faculty of Medicine, 2003.

Osborn, Bud. Hundred Block Rock, Arsenal Pulp Press, Vancouver, 1999.

Osborn, Bud. Lonesome Monsters, Anvil Press Publishers, Vancouver, Canada, 1999.

Rogers, Nedjo. Modern Commons: Place, Nature and Revolution at the Strathcona Community Gardens, unpublished MA thesis, SFU, 1990

Ross, Sara.  Walls of change: Community Public Art in Vancouver’s Downtown Eastside: A Catalogue of Murals and Their Making.

Sommers, Jeff & Nick Blomley. The Worst Block in Vancouver (unpublished article)

Taylor, Paul. Carnegie Newsletters, Carnegie Centre, Vancouver.

The B.C Welfare Joke Book.

Andrew Carnegie

Andrew Carnegie Video.

Bowman, John S. Andrew Carnegie: Steel Tycoon, American Dream. Silver Burdett Press, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, 1989.

Krass, Peter. Carnegie. John Wiley & Sons Inc., Hobokin, New Jersey, 2002.

Wall, Joseph Frazer. Andrew Carnegie. New York, Oxford University Press,1970.


B.C. Heritage Trust. Gastown: A Walking Tour Through History.

Burman, Jean. The Remarkable Adventures of “Portugese Joe”, Silvey: A True Story of British Columbia. For the Silvey Family Reunion, Ladysmith, April 3, 1999.

Hull, Raymond & Olga Ruskin. Gastown’s Gassy Jack: The Life and Times of John Deighton of England, California and Early British Columbia. Gordan Soules Economic Research, Vancouver, 1971.

Pethick, Derek. Vancouver: The Pioneer Years 1774-1886, Sunfire Publications Ltd., Langley, B.C. 1984 (includes colourful accounts and quotes of Gassy Jack and the Great Fire).

Poverty and Homelessness

Allan, Tom C. Someone to Talk To: Care and Control of the Homeless, Fernwood Publishing, Halifax, 2000

Burnham, Linda Frye. A More Perfect Union. Community Arts Network Reading Room, reprinted from Dec. 2002 issue of American Theatre.

Murphy, Barbara. On the Street: How we Created the Homeless, J. Gordon Shillingford Publishing, Inc. 2000

Organic Intellectuals. The View from the Sidewalk: Towards a New Definition of People Who are Homeless, Dec. 2001

Swanson, Jean.  Poor Bashing: The Politics of Exclusion, Toronto, 2001

Community Plays

Bell, John. Landscape and Desire: Bread and Puppet Pageants in the 1990’s, Bread and Puppet Press, Glover, Vermont, 1997

Canadian Theatre Review.  Community Plays, #90 Spring 1997 (includes articles by Ann Jellico, Rachel Van Fossen (writer) and Ruth Howard (designer), and script of “Ka’ma’mo’pi cik: The Gathering” by Rachel Van Fossen and Darryl Wildcat)

Canadian Theatre Review.  Staging the Pacific Province, #101, Winter 2000 (includes articles on the Caravan Farm Theatre, Public Dreams and the Enderby Community Play)

Coult, Tony and Baz Kershaw. Engineers of the Imagination: The Welfare State Handbook, A Methuen Paperback, Methuen, London and New York, 1983

Dwyer, M. Christine and Susan L. Frankel, Ph.D. Summary Evaluation of the Artists and Communities Pilot Initiative, January, 2000.

Hostebro Festival.  Waterways. Rivista Internationale d’Arie, Milano, Italia, #9, 1991 (di Barberi/Barbarernes) tug 9. (describes one of the Odin Teatret’s community theatre projects in Holstebro, Denmark)

Jellico, Ann, Community Plays: How to Put Them On, A Methuen Paperback, Methuen Londton Ltd., 1987

Stubbington, Cathy, James Fagan Tait, Rosalind Williams, from the people of Enderby and District and Spallumcheen Band with Shuswap translations from Cindy Williams. Not the Way I Heard It: the Enderby and District Community Play Project, unpublished script.